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President
Capital
current time and date
currency: Renminbi (yuan) (CNY)
Population
Official languages
Independence
Area
Borders
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
GDP (PPP)
Internet TLD & calling code:
Coat of arms
China profile
world's fourth largest country (after Russia, Canada, and US); Mount Everest on the border with Nepal is the world's tallest peak
China history
For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, MAO's successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically and the room for personal choice has expanded, yet political controls remain tight. Since the early 1990s, China has increased its global outreach and participation in international organizations.
interesting China facts
Conventional long form: People's Republic of China
Conventional short form: China
Local long form: Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo
Local short form: Zhongguo
abbreviation: PRC
fun China facts for kids
China's capital city is Beijing
amazing China facts
China Constitution:

most recent promulgation 4 December 1982; amended several times
China facts for kids
China population growth rate: 0.46%
China facts for kids
China highest point: Mount Everest 8,850 m (highest point in Asia)
interesting China facts for kids
China lowest point: Turpan Pendi -154 m
fun China facts for kids
About 12% of China's land is arable.
China fun facts for kids
Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) is the Longest River in China
China fun facts for kids
China birth rate is 12 births/1,000 population
China fun facts for kids
China infant mortality rate is 15 deaths/1,000 live births
China fun facts for kids
China fertility rate is 1.55 children born/woman
China fun facts for kids
China climate:

extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north
interesting China facts
Top 10 cities of China with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Shanghai: 22,315,426
2. Beijing: 18,827,000
3. Tianjin: 11,090,314
4. Guangzhou: 11,070,654
5. Shenzhen: 10,357,938
6. Dongguan: 8,220,937
7. Chengdu: 7,123,697
8. Hong Kong: 7,055,071
9. Nanjing: 6,852,984
10. Wuhan: 6,434,373
China fun facts for kids
China ethnic groups:

Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5%
interesting China facts
China Exports:

electrical and other machinery, including data processing equipment, apparel, radio telephone handsets, textiles, integrated circuits
interesting China facts
China Imports:

electrical and other machinery, oil and mineral fuels, optical and medical equipment, metal ores, motor vehicles
interesting China facts
unicameral National People's Congress or Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui (2,987 seats; members elected by municipal, regional, and provincial people's congresses, and People's Liberation Army to serve five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
23 provinces (sheng, singular and plural):
1. Anhui
2. Fujian
3. Gansu
4. Guangdong
5. Guizhou
6. Hainan
7. Hebei
8. Heilongjiang
9. Henan
10. Hubei
11. Hunan
12. Jiangsu
13. Jiangxi
14. Jilin
15. Liaoning
16. Qinghai
17. Shaanxi
18. Shandong
19. Shanxi
20. Sichuan
21. Yunnan
22. Zhejiang

5 autonomous regions (zizhiqu, singular and plural):
1. Guangxi
2. Nei Mongol (Inner Mongolia)
3. Ningxia
4. Xinjiang Uygur
5. Xizang (Tibet)

4 municipalities (shi, singular and plural):
1. Beijing
2. Chongqing
3. Shanghai
4. Tianjin
Political parties and leaders:
Chinese Communist Party (CCP) - XI Jinping

eight nominally independent small parties ultimately controlled by the CCP









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